This course considers indigenous peoples and their relation to the lands on which they live. The course considers issues of traditional indigenousknowledge and land management as well as new contributions by indigenous peoples to changing landscapes. It reviews legal mechanisms and instruments through which indigenous peoples have rights to the resources they occupy and utilize. Taking specific cases and examining them through the lens of political and social ecology, the class considers the role of indigenous peoples in local and worldwide conservation efforts. Case studies will emphasize the indigenous peoples and conservation policies of Latin America.